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Hong Fa, Shenzhen:

This page is a "Work in Progress."
Please check back soon for upgrades

Until I can write more about these figures, you can read about them in the context of Hsi Lai Temple on my Ascent of Hsi Lai Temple pages.

Specific figures from this page treated there include:

Shakyamuni, the Historic Buddha

The Triple Gem of Buddhism: The Buddha, The Dharma, and The Sangha

Four Great Bodhisattvas (the other two are in side halls on this level): 

Samantabhadra Bodhisattva (Pu Hsien Pusa)

Manjusri Bodhisattva (Wen Shu Pusa)

Avalokiteshvara Bodhisattva (Guan Yin Pusa)

Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva (Di Cang Pusa)

Amitabha Buddha (Amitofo)

The Medicine Buddha (Yao Shi Fo)

 The Buddha Hall
and the Four Great Bodhisattvas

Counting the Courtyard as the First Level, the Buddha Hall is on the Fifth Level.

This is naturally the primary goal of most visitors.  In it resides a figure of Shakyamuni, the Historic Buddha, revered by all Buddhists.  On either side of him are Ananda and Mahakasyapa, his faithful disciples who codified his teaching after his death.  Thus this triad represents the Dharma (the teachings of Buddhism); the Sangha (the community of monks, in the persons of the two disciples), and the Buddha himself.  These three--The Buddha, The Dharma, and The Sangha--are called the Triple Gem of Buddhism; thus this is called "The Hall of the Great Treasure."

On either side of the Buddha are two of the Four Great Bodhisattvas (the other two are in side halls on this level): Pu Hsien and Wen Shu Pusas, who are also pictured on the bas relief mentioned below.

Through the Back Door of the Hall, one can see a multi-armed Avalokiteshvara Bodhisattva, or Guan Yin Pusa.  On either side of her are bas reliefs and frescoes featuring many figures.  The first on the left is Samanthabhadra Bodhisattva (Pu Hsien Pusa) on his elephant; the one on the right is Manjusri Bodhisattva (Wen Shu Pusa), on the Lion.  These two represent Buddhhist Practice and Wisdom, respectively.

Ranged around the courtyard are four halls.

The front left has a figure of Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva (Di Cang Pusa), who vowed to save all beings from hell.

The rear left was a new one on me: the Hall has a figure of Amitabha Buddha (Amitofo), but is dedicated to the "Wang Sheng Lun," or The Treatise on the Sutra of Immeasurable Life traditionally attributed to the Indian scholar Vasubandhu.  It teaches practices which can lead to re-birth in Amitabha's Pure Land (hence the figure of Amitabha); read more about it here.

The rear right features the Medicine Buddha (Yao Shi Fo).  Thus a familiar scheme is carried out: in some temples, Amitabha is on the historic Buddha's left, and the Medicine Buddha on his right, within the Main Hall; here they are in separate halls, but the same relative positions.

Finally, in the front right hall is Guan Yin Bodhisattva again, completing the quartet of the Great Bodhisattvas on this level.

On the top and final level, there is a Scripture Repository and Lecture Hall; behind it is a peaceful bamboo grove.  One can also continue up hte mountain from here, or, turning to the right, descend down the side stairs to the level of the Dining Hall and, further down, the Sleeping Buddha Hall.

A work in progress: More to come!

About the photos: All photos on this page are copyright 2005 by James Baquet

The Buddha Hall

A closer view of the Buddha Hall

Figure of Shakyamuni Buddha from Front Door of Hall

Procession into Buddha Hall

Figure of Avalokiteshvara Bodhisattva (Guan Yin Pusa) from Back Door of Hall

Part of "fresco" on either side of Guan Yin figure

Di Cang Hall (front left)

Di Cang (Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva)

Guan Yin Hall (front left)

And on the top level:

Scripture Repository and
Lecture Hall

In the small Bamboo Grove
behind the
Lecture Hall

Another building on the same level as the Lecture Hall

Roofs from the level of the Lecture Hall

Other pages at Hong Fa Temple, Shenzhen:

The main page

The Entry Courtyard

The Mountain Gate

The Heavenly Kings Hall and two associated halls
A classroom (or other general use) hall

The Sleeping Buddha Hall and the Dining Hall




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