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Hakka Villages in Longgang

November 7, 2004

This information on the Hakka houses (actually walled villages) is taken from the book Hakka Enclosed Houses.

1.  Crane Lake (Hehu) New Dwelling (page 7)

Located at Luoruihe village in Longgang town and built in 1817, Crane Lake New Dwelling is the ancestral house of the Luos which occupies an area of 2.5 hectares in Longgang.  The structure is comprised of "three central structures and two horizontal houses" which are separated by walls.  Inside the walls are found houses, halls, rooms and wells which are scattered evenly apart and well preserved.  Crane Lake New Dwelling is the largest Hakka dwelling building in our country [?] and is now the primary focus for the protection of cultural relics in Shenzhen.

2.  Dawan Dwelling  (page 15)

Located at Dawan village in Pingshan Town and built in 1791, Dawan Dwelling is the ancestral house of the Zengs in Pingshan.  It faces west and occupies an area of 15,000 square meters.  The houses are set out in neat order and the courtyard is strewn at random.  A winding path connects one house with another house.  The exterior wall is high and thick with a strong function for defense.

3.  Longtian Dwelling  (page 25)

Located at Tianduanxing village in Kengzi Town and built in 1837, Longtian Dwelling belongs to the Luo family. There is a pool outside the dwelling similar to a city moat. The exterior wall is imposing and the interior structure is compact. It was ranged among the first primary focuses for the protection of cultural relics in Bao'an County in 1987.

4.  Xingqiao Dwelling  (page 33)

Located at Laokeng village in Kengzi Town, Xingqiao Dwelling was built at the 18th year of the reign period of Qinglong, emperor of Qing Dynasty by the Huang family and has now a history of about 200 years. Its enclosed structure differs greatly from others in Shenzhen. An ancestral temple was built outside the dwelling with the name of Jiangxia Hall. Inside is the inscription by Zeng guoqian, Zeng guofan's younger brother (the former was then minister of the board of war) ---- "Wenkui" (which means cultural head).

5.  Panlong Dwelling  (page 41)

Located at Laokeng village in Kengzi Town, Panlong Dwelling was built by the Huang family and has now a history of over 200 years. It is imposing with a hill behind and a river in the front. As for the sculpture inside the dwelling, the flowers and birds are vivid and lifelike with high appreciation.

6.  Maosheng Dwelling  (page 49)

Located at Maosheng village in Henggang Town, Maosheng Dwelling was built by the He family from Xingnin and has now a history of over 160 years. The main structure is comprised of "three central houses and two horizontal houses." There are watchtowers on four corners of the building. On the beans [sic] and under the eaves are colored drawings. It evidently inherits the building style of such a village inhabited by overseas Chinese.

7.  Fengtian Dwelling  (page 57)

Located at Fengtian village in Pingdi Town, Fengtian Dwelling was built at the 4th year of the reign period of Jiaqing of Qing Dynasty by the Huang family. The dwelling is imposing with Zhugu Hill behind. There are watchtowers on both corners of the front gate and there are patrol courses on the tops of the walls.

8.  Jikeng Dwelling  (page 65)

Located at Liuloian village in Pingdi Town, Jikeng Dwelling was built by the Xiao family from Jieyang and has now a history of over 100 years. It enjoys a style of "three central houses and two horizontal houses" and it is the best preserved in Pingdi Town.

9.  Datian Dwelling  (page 71)

Located at Yuansheng village in Longgang Town, Datian Dwelling was built by the Chen family and has now a history of over 100 years. There is a well-equipped living system inside the building which is made of bricks and wood.

10.  Zhenpuling Dwelling  (page 79)

Located at Nanlian village in Longgang Town, Zhenpuling Dwelling has now a history of over 100 years. It was inhabited by the families with different surnames.

11.  Changlong Dwelling  (page 85)

Located at Jinghe village in Kengzi Town, Changlong Dwelling was built by the Huang family at the 59th year of the reign period of Qianlong, emperor of Qing Dynasty. There is a watchtower at both sides respectively in front of the dwelling, and a square arched gate in the middle which is well preserved.

12.  Luling Dwelling  (page 91)

Located at Shenzhen village in Pingshan Town, Luling Dwelling was built by the Liaos and has now a history of over 80 years. It was inhabited by one family. There is a five-story watchtower in its north-west corner. Luling Dwelling simplifies the enclosed structure and draws close to the style of modern buildings.

13.  Shitai Dwelling  (page 97)

Located at Pinghuan village in Pingshan Town, Shitai Dwelling was built by the Yuan family. There are watchtowers on four corners and there is a hall called "Taihe" (which means safety and peace).

14.  The Ancestral Temple of the Wang Family  (page 103)

Located at Pingdong village in Pingshan Town, the Ancestral Temple of the Wang family was built by the Wang family from Shanxi. It is the oldest building in Pingdi Town with a history of nearly 300 years.

15.  Longwan Dwelling  (page 111)

Located at Longtian village in Kengzi Town, Longwan Dwelling was built by the Huang family at the reign period of Qianlong, emperor of Qing Dynasty. It is among the several enclosed buildings in Shenzhen.

16.  Futian Dwelling  (page 117)

Located at Shanxi village in Kuichong Town with an area of over 10,000 square meters, Futian Dwelling was built by the Pan family and has now a history of 150 years. The wooden sculpture inside the dwelling betrays high attainments of the workers.

17.  Rongtian Dwelling  (page 123)

Located at Jingsha village of Kengzi Town, Rongtian Dwelling was built by the Huang family and has now a history of over 100 years. The dwelling is a typical structure of "three central houses and two horizontal houses." The walls are red and the tiles are green. The building is imposing and its wooden sculpture is vivid and lifelike.

18.  Dapengsuo Besieged City  (page 131)

Located at Pengcheng village in Dapeng Town, Dapengsuo Besieged City was first built at the 27th year of Hongwu of Min Dynasty (1394). It was "the besieged city for the defense of 1,000 households in Dapeng" set up against the Japanese pirates. It is abbreviated to "Dapengsuo Besieged City." Therefore Shenzhen is also called "Pengcheng." It has experienced the wind and rain for over 600 years and it still is. Inside the city the dwellings built at Ming and Qing Dynasty are still well preserved. Dapengsuo Besieged City is the primary focus for the protection of historical relics in Guangdong Province. Dapengsuo Besieged City Museum was established in 1996.

19.  The Others  (page 143)

[There is no text at the beginning of this chapter.]


The book also includes a map giving the relative locations of 66 of the houses, and  chart giving 79 names, all in Chinese.  I have summarized the information by district in the table below.  Note that locations are given for six of the district's ten townships; no Hakka houses seem to be located in Buji or Pinghu towns in the northwest, nor in Dapeng or Nan'ao towns in the southeast.  Also, what is given on the map are locations, not necessarily the names of Hakka houses; for example, although the numbers match for Kuichong township, the names in the map and the chart are not the same!  I hope a Chinese speaker will be helping me clarify this soon.

District name # of locations
on map
# of Hakka houses
 in chart
Henggang 3 2
Longgang 15 21
Pingdi 13 15
Kengzi 11 13
Pingshan 20 24
Kuichong 4 4

For further reading on Hakka architecture, see the article at Asiawind

Return to Hakka Main Page

 

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